Main Article Content

Vasiliki Neofotistos


My concern here is with ethnic Macedonians, especially youth, who claim not to be interested in whether it is ideologically appropriate or inappropriate to apply for Bulgarian passports, but rather point to the practical and economic benefits that Bulgarian passports carry for their holders – mainly freedom to travel without a visa within the EU and access to a greater number of choices in their lives. The case of Macedonia, therefore, helps us view identification documents as objects that neither necessarily fix nationality nor are ineluctable guarantees of belonging to the (Bulgarian) nation-state, and understand state documentation practices are practices that do not always produce determined identities and citizen-subjects.

Article Details

How to Cite
Neofotistos, Vasiliki. 2016. “BULGARIAN PASSPORTS, MACEDONIAN IDENTITY THE INVENTION OF EU CITIZENSHIP IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA”. EthnoAnthropoZoom/ЕтноАнтропоЗум, no. 10 (November), 37-55. http://etno.pmf.ukim.mk/index.php/eaz/article/view/163.
Articles / Статии


Andonov-Poljanski, H. 1985. Documents on the struggle of the Macedonian people for
independence and a nation-state. Skopje: Kultura.
Appadurai, A. 1996. Modernity at large: Cultural dimensions of globalization.
Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Bougarel, X. et al. (eds) 2007. The new Bosnian mosaic: Identities, memories and moral
claims in a post-war society. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing.
Burawoy, M., Verdery K. (eds) 1999. Uncertain transition: Ethnographies of change in
the postsocialist world. Lanham, MD: Rowman.
Caplan, J., Torpey, J. (eds) 2001. Documenting individual identity: The development of
state practices in the modern world. Princeton, NJ. Princeton UP.
Cohn, B., Dirks, N. 1998. Beyond the fringe: The nation state, colonialism, and the
technologies of power. Journal od Historical Sociology 1(2): 224–229.
Dobrković N. 1999. Yugosloavia and Macedonia in the years 1991-6: From brotherhood
to neighborhood. In Pettifer, J. (ed.) The new Macedonian question, London.
Macmillan, стр. 79–95.
Drezov, K. 1999. Macedonian identity: An overview of the major claims. Во: Roudometof,
V. (ed.) The Macedonian question: Culture, historiography, politics, New York:
Columbia UP, стр. 47–59.
Friedman, V. A. 1999. The modern Macedonian standard language and its relation to
modern Macedonian identity. Во: Roudometof, V. (ed.) The Macedonian question:
Culture, historiography, politics, New York: Columbia UP, стр. 173–206
Gordillo, G. 2006. The crucible of citizenship: ID-paper fetishism in the Argentinean
Chaco. American Ethnologist 33(2): 162–176.
Grandits, H. 2007. The power of ‘armchair politicians’: Ethnic loyalty and political
factionalism among Herzgovinian Croats. Во: Bougarel, X. et al. 2007, стр. 101–
Gupta, A. 1995. Blurred boundaries: The discourse of corruption, the culture of politics,
and the imagined state. American Ethnologist 22(2): 375–402.
Helms, E. 2007. “Politics is a whore”: Women, morality, and victimhood in post-war
Bosnia-Herzegovina. Во: Bougarel, H. et al. 2007, стр. 235–254.
Herzfeld, M. 1997. Cultural Intimacy: Social poetics in the nation-state. New York:
2001. Anthropology: Theoretical practice in culture and society. Malden, MAL Blackwell
Hoppe, H.-J.. 1986. Bulgarian nationalities policy in occupied Thrace and Aegean
Macedonia. Nationalities Papers 14(1-2): 89–100.
Mahon, M. 2004. The Macedonian question in Bulgaria. Nations and Nationalism 4(3):
Miller, M.L. 1975. Bulgaria during the Second World War. Stanford: Stanford UP.
Navaro-Yashin, Y. 2007. Make-believe papers, legal forms and the counterfeit: Affective
interactions between documents and people in Britain and Cyprus. Anthropological
Theory 7(1): 79–98.
Neofotistos, V.P. 2008. ‘The Balkans’ Other within’: Imaginings of the West in the
Republic of Macedonia. History and Anthropology 19(1): 17–36.
2009. Rethinking ‘make do’: Action ‘from the side’ and the politics of segmentation in the
Republic of Macedonia. American Ethnologist (36)1: 137–148.
(n.d.) ‘Going home to Pakistan: The production of European identity in post-socialist
Macedonia’. Необјавена статија.
Pels, P. 1997. The spirit of matter: On fetish, rarity, fact and fancy. Во: Spyer, P. (ed.)
Border fetishisms: Material objects in unstable spaces, New York: Routledge, стр.
Perry, D. M. 1998. The politics of terror: The Macedonian liberation movement 1893-
1903, Durham NC: Duke UP.
Pietz, W. 1993. Fetishism and materialism: The limits of theory in Marx. Во: Apter, E.,
Pietz, W. (eds) Fetishism as cultural discourse, Ithaca, Cornell UP, стр. 114–151.
Pond, E. 2006. Endgame in the Balkans: Regime change, European style. Washington
DC: The Brookings Institute.
Poulton, H. 1995. Who are the Macedonians? Bloomington Indiana UP.
Scott, J. 1998. Seeing like a state. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Shea, J. 1997. Macedonia and Greece: The struggle to deine a new Balkan nation.
Jefferson, NC. McFarland.
Tomasevich, J. 2001. War and revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941-1945. Occupation and
collaboration. Stanford: Stanford UP.
Torpey, J. 2000. The invention of the passport: Surveillance, citizenship, and the state.
Cambridge: Cambridge UP.
Trouillot, M.-R. 2003. Global transformations: Anthropology and the modern world.
New York: Palgrave.
Žižek, S. 1997. The plague of fantasies. New York: Verso.